The Prevalence of risk factors associated with ocular problems in males and females in type 1 & 2 diabetes

Authors

  • Ruqaya Department of Physiology, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Tayaba Kazmi Department of Anatomy, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Tehreem Anis Department of Physiotherapy, Pakistan Institute of Rehabilitation and Medical Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Iqra Salahuddin Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Pakistan Institute of Rehabilitation and Medical Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Moomal Zeshan Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Pakistan Institute of Rehabilitation and Medical Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Wajiha Israr Department of Physiology, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan

Keywords:

Keywords: Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Retinopathy.

Abstract

Background: The aim of current study was exploring the ocular abnormalities in individuals with Type 1 & 2 diabetes. Methods: Patients referred for diabetic ocular abnormalities (retinopathy, cataract, glaucoma and refractive error) on fundoscopy from LRBT eye hospital Korangi, Karachi were randomly included in the study. Retinopathy, cataract and refractive error were evaluated by slit lamp biomicroscope or indirect ophthalmoscope, & categorized into lacking, non-proliferative, proliferative retinopathy, maculopathy, capsular or sub capsular cataract, myopia and hypermetropia. While glaucoma was assessed by tonometry. Prevalence of eye complication has been seen in subjects. Outcome of substantial risk factors on the diverse phases of retinopathy, multivariate regression analysis was performed. Results: 200 diabetic subjects (106 males and 94 females) when the compared; diabetic subjects and subjects with hypertension; 28.0 % retinopathy, 9.75 % cataract, 7.31 % with glaucoma, and about 2.43% refractive error were found out among the diabetic males. 47.61 % retinopathy, 11.9% Cataract, 40.47% refractive error were found in females. In males with diabetes and hypertension were found 60.46 % retinopathy, 27.9 5% cataract, 11.62 % refractive error & in females 46.15% retinopathy, 19.23 % cataract, and 34.61 % with refractive error. Conclusions: This current study emphasizes screening of diabetic subjects regularly so as to distinguish ocular abnormalities and increasing public awareness.

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Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Ruqaya, Tayaba Kazmi, Tehreem Anis, Iqra Salahuddin, Moomal Zeshan, & Wajiha Israr. (2021). The Prevalence of risk factors associated with ocular problems in males and females in type 1 &amp; 2 diabetes. BioSight, 2(1), 39–44. Retrieved from https://biosight.org/index.php/bios/article/view/38

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