Sero-Prevalence of Peste Des Petits Ruminants Among Goats of Different Zones of District Thatta, Sindh

Authors

  • Ranoo Mal Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam-Pakistan
  • Dildar Hussain Kalhoro Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam-Pakistan
  • Hasina Baloch Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam-Pakistan
  • Muhammad Saleem Kalhoro Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam-Pakistan
  • Hubdar Ali Kolachi Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Sakrand, Pakistan
  • Habibullah Janyaro Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Sakrand, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ibrahim Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Sakrand, Pakistan
  • Fayaz Ahmed Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam-Pakistan
  • Amjad Ali Channa Department of Livestock and Fisheries, Government of Sindh, Pakistan
  • Mazhar Hussain Mangi Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam-Pakistan
  • Ali Raza Nizamani Central Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Tandojam, Directorate of Veterinary Research and Diagnosis, Government of Sindh, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Anees Memon Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Sakrand, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46568/bios.v5i1.172

Keywords:

Peste des petits ruminants, Seroprevalence, C-ELISA, Goat, Thatta, Sindh

Abstract

Introduction: Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious and viral
disease primarily affecting goats and sheep, caused by the PPR virus (PPRV), which belongs to
the family paramyxoviridae, and genus morbillivirus. Methodology: A total of 100 blood
samples (female n=67 and male n=33) of goats from different areas of Thatta district were
collected. Risk factors like area, age, sex and season were analyzed. Clinically affected animals
exhibited high temperature (41oC), anorexia, dullness, lacrimal secretions, and nasal discharge
diahhrea starting from 2 to 6 days post infection, hair blow the eyes becomes wet and there is
matting together of the eyelids as well as partial blockage of the nostrils by dried up purulent
discharges. Samples were transported to Central Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (CVDL)
Tandojam, Sindh for laboratory confirmation. The competitive ELISA was performed to measure
antibodies to the PPR virus. Results: The sero-positivity of PPR cases in female were 76.12%
(51/67) and male 51.52% (17/33). The highest sero-prevalence was observed in age group of 4-12
month 75.56% (34/45). Lowest sero-prevalence was detected in age group of 0-4 month 47.83%
(11/23). Highest prevalence of PPR infections were observed in the month of August 70%
(21/30), followed by 69.04% (29/42) in the September, the lowest prevalence was 64.28% (18/28)
in the July. Conclusion: It is concluded from the present study that female animals were more
affected than males. The higher infection was recorded during the August. Comparatively, young
animals were more affected than the suckler and adults.

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Published

2024-01-15

How to Cite

Ranoo Mal, Dildar Hussain Kalhoro, Hasina Baloch, Muhammad Saleem Kalhoro, Hubdar Ali Kolachi, Habibullah Janyaro, … Muhammad Anees Memon. (2024). Sero-Prevalence of Peste Des Petits Ruminants Among Goats of Different Zones of District Thatta, Sindh. BioSight, 5(1), 76–83. https://doi.org/10.46568/bios.v5i1.172

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